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How to prevent a heart attack

The vast majority of heart attacks never need to happen. Here’s how you can save your own life

Everyone is at risk of developing a heart disease, but luckily this can be prevented.

Here are two screening tests you need in order to help prevent a heart attack:


Cholesterol Check

How often?

At least every five years, more frequently if you’re over 50 (45 for men) or have any heart-risk factors like a family history of the disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, being overweight or smoking.
Make it more reliable

While you can get tested easily at a health expo, for example, you may get only your total reading, not the breakdown of bad LDL and good HDL cholesterol levels or triglycerides. Also, even if you’re given a breakdown, your LDL and triglyceride readings may not be reliable if you haven’t fasted for the previous nine to 12 hours.



Blood-pressure Measurement

How often? 

At least every two years, and more frequently if your pressure goes above 120/80.


Make it more reliable

Take it yourself – with a home monitor – and discuss your readings with your doctor before starting any treatment. In a recent Spanish study of 8 295 patients, more than one third of those thought to have hard-to-treat high blood pressure were actually suffering from ‘white-coat hypertension’ – pressure-raising anxiety triggered by the medical surroundings.


Also read:

Cut cholesterol by eating the right fats

Beetroot helps lower blood pressure

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