What is espalier?
Espalier is the horticultural and agricultural practice of controlling woody plant growth for the production of fruit. Branches are pruned and tied to a frame, frequently in formal patterns, flat against a structure such as a wall, fence or trellis. It was developed in Europe to extend the growing season by selecting good positions for sunlight.
1. To create a visually beautiful effect.
2. To maximise space in small gardens; to focus on production and not growth.
3. To make it easier to pick fruit.
After one year of planting, the system you decided on can be implemented:
How to espalier
1. Select a good position for your fruit tree and decide what shape you want.
2. Plan, measure and build the structure.
3. Plant a young tree, ideally in midwinter when dormant (July and August).
4. Prune in winter to stimulate growth.
5. Prune in summer to keep the tree in shape.
6. Remove the fruit in the first few years until the structure is established.
Babylonstoren runs various gardening courses throughout the year. They include:
The secret life of bees: 18 October 2017
Herbs for health: 25 October 2017
Growing summer salads: 8 November 2017
Building garden structures: 22 and 29 November 2017
Indigenous succulents: 6 December 2017
Click here for more information.
PHOTOS: iStock/martb and Sarel Greyling